- What are the 5 standard precautions for infection control?
- What power does the CDC have?
- What is the meaning of a pandemic?
- How does the CDC determine an epidemic?
- How do you confirm an outbreak?
- Who does the CDC answer to?
- What does the CDC specialize in?
- Who is the CDC funded by?
- Who is epidemiologist?
- When was the last virus pandemic?
- What are the two most common types of epidemiologic studies used to investigate the source of an outbreak?
- What are the three key components of an outbreak investigation?
- How do you control an outbreak?
- What is the best way to control the spread of infection List 2 examples?
- What PPE is required for standard precautions?
- When should an outbreak of infection be suspected?
- What are the 3 methods of infection control?
- What is the most effective level of infection control?
What are the 5 standard precautions for infection control?
Standard PrecautionsHand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).Sterile instruments and devices.More items….
What power does the CDC have?
CDC’s Role Under 42 Code of Federal Regulations parts 70 and 71, CDC is authorized to detain, medically examine, and release persons arriving into the United States and traveling between states who are suspected of carrying these communicable diseases.
What is the meaning of a pandemic?
A pandemic is defined as “an epidemic occurring worldwide, or over a very wide area, crossing international boundaries and usually affecting a large number of people”. 2. The classical definition includes nothing about population immunity, virology or disease severity.
How does the CDC determine an epidemic?
Epidemic refers to an increase, often sudden, in the number of cases of a disease above what is normally expected in that population in that area. Outbreak carries the same definition of epidemic, but is often used for a more limited geographic area.
How do you confirm an outbreak?
An epidemic can be confirmed by comparing the incidence of the disease with that in the recent past or at a similar time in previous years for the same community. Alternatively, an outbreak may be confirmed if a number of cases are clustered and come from the same place at a similar time.
Who does the CDC answer to?
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is a national public health institute in the United States. It is a United States federal agency, under the Department of Health and Human Services, and is headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia.
What does the CDC specialize in?
As the nation’s health protection agency, CDC saves lives and protects people from health threats. To accomplish our mission, CDC conducts critical science and provides health information that protects our nation against expensive and dangerous health threats, and responds when these arise.
Who is the CDC funded by?
How does CDC get operating funds? The main source of CDC discretionary funds is budget authority, which are annual appropriations determined by the U.S. Congress.
Who is epidemiologist?
Often called “Disease Detectives”, epidemiologists search for the cause of disease, identify people who are at risk, determine how to control or stop the spread or prevent it from happening again. Physicians, veterinarians, scientists, and other health professionals often train to be “Disease Detectives”.
When was the last virus pandemic?
The 1918 influenza pandemic was the most severe pandemic in recent history. It was caused by an H1N1 virus with genes of avian origin. Although there is not universal consensus regarding where the virus originated, it spread worldwide during 1918-1919.
What are the two most common types of epidemiologic studies used to investigate the source of an outbreak?
It has been said that epidemiology by itself can never prove that a particular exposure caused a particular outcome. Often, however, epidemiology provides sufficient evidence to take appropriate control and prevention measures. Epidemiologic studies fall into two categories: experimental and observational.
What are the three key components of an outbreak investigation?
Outbreak investigations have essential components as follows: 1) establish case definition(s); 2) confirm that cases are “real”; 3) establish the background rate of disease; 4) find cases, decide if there is an outbreak, define scope of the outbreak; 5) examine the descriptive epidemiologic features of the cases; 6) …
How do you control an outbreak?
What are outbreak control measures?Cleaning and disinfecting food facilities.Temporarily closing a restaurant or processing plant.Recalling food items.Telling the public how to make the food safe (such as cooking to a certain temperature) or to avoid it completely.More items…
What is the best way to control the spread of infection List 2 examples?
Wash your hands before and after handling food. Avoid touching your hair, nose or mouth. Keep hot food hot and cold food cold. Use separate storage, utensils and preparation surfaces for cooked and uncooked foods.
What PPE is required for standard precautions?
Standard precautions consist of the following practices: hand hygiene before and after all patient contact. the use of personal protective equipment, which may include gloves, impermeable gowns, plastic aprons, masks, face shields and eye protection. the safe use and disposal of sharps.
When should an outbreak of infection be suspected?
Two or more cases of diarrhoea and/or vomiting in a 24 hour period in an institution or among a group of people who shared a common exposure or food source should be suspected as constituting an outbreak and an assessment or investigation commenced.
What are the 3 methods of infection control?
There are three types of transmission-based precautions: contact, droplet, and airborne. Contact precautions are used in addition to standard precautions when caring for patients with known or suspected diseases that are spread by direct or indirect contact.
What is the most effective level of infection control?
Hand hygiene is a major component of standard precautions and one of the most effective methods to prevent transmission of pathogens associated with health care.