Quick Answer: What Is The Function Of The Countercurrent Multiplier?

Where does countercurrent mechanism occur?

The counter current mechanism takes place in Juxtamedullary nephron.

The function of the countercurrent multiplier is to produce the hyperosmotic Medullary Interstitium.

The ADH promotes water reabsorption through the walls of the distal convoluted tubule and collecting duct..

Which correctly describes renin?

Which correctly describes renin? -It is secreted by juxtaglomerular cells in renal afferent arterioles. -Its secretion is enhanced by high levels of Na+ in the macula densa. … In the presence of aldosterone, which nephron region reabsorbs the greatest fraction of the filtered Na+?

When aldosterone causes sodium reabsorption why doesn’t water automatically follow?

When aldosterone causes sodium reabsorption, why doesn’t water automatically follow? A.) There is no need for water to follow because reabsorbed sodium does not change ECF osmolarity.

What is the function of countercurrent multiplication quizlet?

FUNCTION: To create urine with an osmolality different from serum osmolality. -To conserve water, the countercurrent mechanism generates urine with osmolality greater than plasma. This concentrated urine is produced when ADH is present in the plasma (normal physiological condition).

What is the effect of countercurrent multiplier in the loop of Henle quizlet?

What is the effect of countercurrent multiplier in the nephron loop (loop of Henle)? Water is reabsorbed. Where does the reabsorption of ions occur in the nephron to produce a hyposmotic solution in the tubules? water loss only.

What is the function of vasa recta?

Vasa Recta Function Not only do the vasa recta bring nutrients and oxygen to the medullary nephron segments but, more importantly, they also remove the water and solute that is continuously added to the medullary interstitium by these nephron segments.

Where would Penicillin be secreted in the nephron?

For example, penicillin readily enters the nephron by tubule secretion and is rapidly excreted from the body in the urine.

What is meant by countercurrent flow?

This is the way that a fish’s gills absorb the maximum amount of oxygen from the water. This means that a high concentration gradient is maintained across the whole length of the gill. … This way the maximum diffusion of oxygen into the blood occurs.

What is the function of countercurrent multiplication?

Countercurrent multiplication in the kidneys is the process of using energy to generate an osmotic gradient that enables you to reabsorb water from the tubular fluid and produce concentrated urine.

What is an example of countercurrent exchange?

Venous blood recovers heat from the arterial blood as the former warms on its way back to the body. Blood vessels in the neck also employ a countercurrent arrangement and that results in a brain temperature about 1°C cooler than that of the body. (A countercurrent exchange of blood oxygen occurs in the gills of fish.)

Do humans have countercurrent heat exchange?

Many animals (including humans) have another way to conserve heat. … Such a mechanism is called a countercurrent heat exchanger. When heat loss is no problem, most of the venous blood from the extremities returns through veins located near the surface.

What is the difference between a countercurrent multiplier system?

Unlike the other countercurrent systems, a countercurrent multiplier system expends energy in active transport. … This expended energy distinguishes a countercurrent multiplier system from the other countercurrent systems.)

Where does ADH have its greatest effect?

distal convoluted tubuleAnswer and Explanation: ADH has its greatest effect in the C) distal convoluted tubule. Here, this hormone acts on aquaporin molecules to remove more water from the urine, promoting resorption, thus keeping fluid levels higher in the body.

What is the difference between Vasa recta and peritubular capillaries?

The main difference between vasa recta and peritubular capillaries is that the vasa recta are the blood capillaries that surround the loop of Henle in the juxtamedullary nephrons. But, peritubular capillaries are the blood capillaries that surround the PCT and DCT of the cortical nephrons.

What substances are reabsorbed in the distal convoluted tubule and collecting duct?

ReabsorptionTable 1. Substances Secreted or Reabsorbed in the Nephron and Their LocationsSubstanceProximal convoluted tubuleDistal convoluted tubulePotassium65 percent reabsorbed; diffusionSecreted; activeCalciumReabsorbed; diffusionMagnesiumReabsorbed; diffusionReabsorbed15 more rows

Does heat cause vasodilation or vasoconstriction?

During exercise or heat exposure, increases in body temperature trigger cutaneous vasodilation and sweating.

What is the countercurrent exchange mechanism?

Countercurrent exchange is a mechanism occurring in nature and mimicked in industry and engineering, in which there is a crossover of some property, usually heat or some chemical, between two flowing bodies flowing in opposite directions to each other.

What three hormones factors do the kidneys secrete into the blood?

The kidney secretes (1) renin, a key enzyme of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) that leads to the production of a potent pressor hormone angiotensin, and produces the following hormones and humoral factors: (2) kallikreins, a group of serine pro- teases that act on blood proteins to produce a vasorelaxing peptide …

What hormone is secreted by the kidneys?

The kidneys make two main hormones, vitamin D and erythropoietin.

What Animals use countercurrent exchange?

Countercurrent heat exchange Many birds and mammals have countercurrent heat exchangers, circulatory adaptations that allow heat to be transferred from blood vessels containing warmer blood to those containing cooler blood.

What does countercurrent mean?

1 : flowing in an opposite direction. 2 : involving flow of materials in opposite directions countercurrent dialysis.

What is the countercurrent mechanism Why is it important?

The counter-current multiplier or the countercurrent mechanism is used to concentrate urine in the kidneys by the nephrons of the human excretory system. The nephrons involved in the formation of concentrated urine extend all the way from the cortex of the kidney to the medulla and are accompanied by vasa recta.