Quick Answer: What Is The Smallest Organ In The Digestive System?

What are the 4 stages of digestion?

The digestive system is composed of the mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine (or colon), rectum, and anus.

There are four steps in the digestion process: ingestion, the mechanical and chemical breakdown of food, nutrient absorption, and elimination of indigestible food..

Which part of the digestive system is the most important?

Small IntestineThe small intestine is a part of the digestive system. It is the most important organ for the digestion of food.

What are the 14 parts of the digestive system?

The main organs that make up the digestive system (in order of their function) are the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum and anus. Helping them along the way are the pancreas, gall bladder and liver. Here’s how these organs work together in your digestive system.

How much do human organs weigh?

The NumbersOrganAverage Weight in Men (grams)Range in Women (grams)Heart365174-590Liver1677508-3081Pancreas14460-250Right lung663173-17005 more rows

What is the largest organ in the digestive system?

The largest part of the GI tract is the colon or large intestine. Water is absorbed here and the remaining waste matter is stored prior to defecation. Most of the digestion of food takes place in the small intestine which is the longest part of the GI tract. A major digestive organ is the stomach.

What is the smallest organ?

pineal glandThe smallest organ in the body is pineal gland. It is situated central in the brain, between the hemispheres in a groove. Size is about 8mm in humans.

Is the liver the smallest organ in the body?

If the medical community accepts it as an organ, it may be the largest organ in your body. But until then, the skin is at the top of the list as the largest organ. The biggest solid internal organ is your liver, followed by your brain, lungs, heart, and kidneys.

Are intestines under rib cage?

Your large intestine has two points under the rib cage where it bends. The right-sided bend is called the hepatic flexure. Gas can accumulate in this area, causing pain and tenderness, especially if you have IBS. Gas can accumulate on the left side, too.

What organ is behind stomach?

The abdomen contains many vital organs: the stomach, the small intestine (jejunum and ileum), the large intestine (colon), the liver, the spleen, the gallbladder, the pancreas, the uterus, the fallopian tubes, the ovaries, the kidneys, the ureters, the bladder, and many blood vessels (arteries and veins).

What is the smallest part of the digestive system?

The small intestine has three distinct regions – the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum. The duodenum, the shortest, is where preparation for absorption through small finger-like protrusions called villi begins….Small intestineLatinIntestinum tenueMeSHD007421TA98A05.6.01.001TA2293311 more rows

What are the 5 diseases of the digestive system?

Pancreatitis and pancreatic pseudocyst. Intestinal problems, such as polyps and cancer, infections, celiac disease, Crohn disease, ulcerative colitis, diverticulitis, malabsorption, short bowel syndrome, and intestinal ischemia. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), peptic ulcer disease, and hiatal hernia.

What are the 3 most important parts of the digestive system?

The four most important parts of digestive system is the mouth, stomach, small intestine, and the large intestine. Mouth Food is taken into the body by the mouth. The teeth bite off little pieces of the food into the throat. The food goes down the throat, through the esophagus, and to the stomach.